Photo added by Steven Tynan. Persian Sufi esoteric Islamic philosopher. Bayazid Bastami had great influence on Sufi mysticism and is considered to be one of the important early teachers of Sufi Islam. Before Bayazid Bastami, Sufism was mainly based on piety and obedience, and he played a major role in placing the concept of divine love at the core of Sufism. He died in the year and is buried either in the city of Bistam in north central Iran, or in Semnan, Iran. There is a shrine in Chittagong, Bangladesh, that local people believe to be Bastami's tomb as well.
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Very little is known about the life of Bastami, whose importance lies in his biographical tradition, since he left no written works. The early biographical reports portray him as a wanderer but also as leading teaching circles. A measure of the influence of his image in posterity is the fact that he is named in the lineage silsila of one of the largest Sufi brotherhoods today, the Naqshbandi order.
Background The name Bastami means "from Bastam". Bayazid's grandfather was a Zoroastrian who converted to Islam. His grandfather had three sons, Adam, Tayfur and 'Ali. All of them were ascetics. Bayazid was born to Tayfur. Not much is known of his childhood, but Bayazid spent most of his time in isolation in his house and the mosque. Although he remained in isolation, he did not isolate himself from the Sufi realm.
He welcomed people into his house to discuss Islam. Bayazid also led a life of asceticism and renounced all worldly pleasures in order to be one with Allah The Exalted.
Ultimately, this led Bayazid to a state of "self union" which, according to many Sufi orders, is the only state a person could be in order to attain unity with God. Influence Bastami's predecessor Dhul-Nun al-Misri d. CE was a murid "initiate" as well. Al-Misri had formulated the doctrine of ma'rifa gnosis , presenting a system which helped the murid and the sheikh guide to communicate.
Bayazid Bastami took this a step further and emphasized the importance of religious ecstasy in Islam, referred to in his words as drunkenness Shukr or wajd , a means of self-annihilation in the Divine Presence of the Creator. Before him, the sufi path was mainly based on piety and obedience and he played a major role in placing the concept of divine love at the core of Sufism.
When Bayazid died he was over seventy years old. Before he died, someone asked him his age. He said: "I am four years old. For seventy years I was veiled. I got rid of my veils only four years ago. Bayazid died in CE and is buried either in Bistam. There is also a shrine in Kirikhan, Turkey with the name of Bayazid Bastami an attribute not real. While there is no recorded evidence of his visit to the region, Chittagong was a major port on the southern silk route connecting India, China and the Middle East, and the first Muslims to travel to China may have used the Chittagong-Burma-Sichuan trade route.
Chittagong was a religious city and also a center of Sufism and Muslim merchants in the subcontinent since the 9th century, and it is plausible that either Bayazid or his followers visited the port city around the middle of the 9th century.
Biography Lists Also Viewed. Islamic cleric Murshid.
Very little is known about the life of Bastami, whose importance lies in his biographical tradition, since he left no written works. The early biographical reports portray him as a wanderer but also as leading teaching circles. A measure of the influence of his image in posterity is the fact that he is named in the lineage silsila of one of the largest Sufi brotherhoods today, the Naqshbandi order. Background The name Bastami means "from Bastam".
Bayazid Bastami Tomb, Bastam: Hours, Address, Bayazid Bastami Tomb Reviews: 4.5/5
Very little is known about the life of Bastami, whose importance lies in his biographical tradition, since he left no written works. The early biographical reports portray him as a wanderer  but also as the leader of teaching circles. The name Bastami means "from Bastam". All of them were ascetics. Bayazid was the son of Tayfur.
Located on the outskirts of the village are two clusters of structures that were perhaps originally joined as one group. The larger building cluster includes the mausoleum of Bayazid; a Seljuk minaret and part of a Seljuk wall; the mausoleum of Imamzada Muhammad Bistam Mirza; two other tombs and oratories; an entrance iwan portal and corridor; an iwan portal opposite this; a madrasa built by Shah Rukh. Extant traces of pre-Seljuk construction indicate that work on the shrine of mystic Bayazid al-Bistami d. Repairs were undertaken during the reign of Ghazan Khan, and the mosque within the shrine complex was decorated with carved stucco. A second period of construction, also under Muhammad ibn al-Husayn is dated to the reign of Oljeitu and includes the addition of an eastern entrance portal and corridor; an iwan situated across the courtyard from this portal; and possibly includes the enclosing of the entire shrine complex. The entrance portal is formed of a tall arch with a semi-dome of muqarnas, the walls covered with faience and unglazed terracotta. Unlike typical contemporary examples of faience in western Iran which use smaller units of squares, rectangles and triangles in an interlocking geometry, at Bastam parallelepipeds or more complex forms with moulded elements in relief intersect to form borders.