Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory, Al-ahkam al-sultaniyyah Ordinances of government. Lived and wrote during the period of political transition from Shii Buwayhids to Sunni Seljuks, which brought into question the type of leadership appropriate for Muslim communities. Emphasized the authority of the caliph over that of the sultan in order to strengthen the caliph's hand against military commanders who held the power behind the throne. Conceded the possibility of having more than one executive organ of political power, but insisted on the unity of ummah and on the symbolic unity of the office of caliph.
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This page of the essay has words. Download the full version above. Al-Mawardi, is known as one of the greatest and important scholars regarding the analysis of the caliphate theory and its positions. He became the chief justice of Baghdad due his great knowledge in jurisprudence and religion. This essay tells how the political thought of Mawardi fascinated the rulers of Abbasids, and the Seljuk Empire. Among the Muslim scholars the understanding of caliphate as a political position changed over time.
During these years, the jurists contemplated whether the power emanating from the political and religious legitimacy can be conferred on a single person.
This great work done by al-Mawardi laid the foundation for the Abbasids and buyids to work together. The legal caliph was a supreme authority which was not dependent upon secular power of sultan but it required obedience to fulfil all the religious duties which have been embarked upon the caliph. Obey God, the Messenger, and those of you who are in authority. Mawardi mentioned the seven conditions he felt were necessary for the caliph to possess in order to rule efficiently and guard the faith.
He believed that the caliph must be from the Quraysh. Mawardi can be recognised as the first Islamic scholar who orderly explained the nature of the caliphate, a tendency that was innovative to the scholars of that Islamic era.
The caliph must make it sure that Sharia is in practice in the area of his rule. It is one of the big responsibilities he has as being the caliph, the head of the state.
Al mawardi was the first person who felt the need to bring in the sharia principles and historical situation. Caliphs were previously elected directly, there was no voting process before the four rightly guided caliphs. Mawardi favoured the former approach, jurist also justified it by intentionally being generic on the count of nominators. There is a contradiction in al mawardi, s statement about the historic possibility of recognising solely the caliph alone.
He knew that the Sunni view on imamate will not be the same as the Shiite view of power, he rejected the shite view of the imam theory. As a result Al-Mawardi was ready to recognize the caliph even if there is only one elector. The Muslim world did felt the decline of the once most powerful Abbasid caliphate.
Due to the declaration of the office of caliphate as being run according to the orders of God, the Caliph was automatically placed on the apex of mortal authority. It was looked upon that if the caliph is not present in government matters the machinations of government will become illegitimate; in simpler terms — the caliphate is authoritative.
The same view was claimed later by al-Ghazali. Al-mawardi also had a claim that caliph cannot be dismissed easily. He mentioned that to dismiss a caliph the reason behind it should be really a strong one. For example if there is a threat to the state if the caliph maintains his position only then the caliph must be removed.
The main theme that Mawardi has in the caliphate theory is about the supreme authority of the caliph in all matters. According to al-Mawardi if the caliph has appointed any official, so that official cannot be removed until the caliph makes the decision to remove him. Even if the caliph has made a committee to hire or fire people, that committee can hire or fire new people but it can still not fire any official which the caliph has hired on his own, the committee is constraint in not firing the person who has been previously hired by the caliph.
It was al-Mawardi foresight, political and theological shrewdness that made him realise that the shift in power was shifting from the centre to the edge. The Buyids were becoming a test to reckon with for the Abbasid Caliphs. By elevating the position of Caliph, al-Mawardi advertently impressed upon every Muslim inimical to Abbasid dynasty that the ruler was legitimate and has a divine status.
We can say that the contribution made by al-Mawardi in politics, especially in the caliphal form kept the conflicts at bay for the Abbasids. This essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows:. Introduction: Among the Muslim scholars the understanding of caliphate as a political position changed over time.
Eligibility criteria for Caliph Candidacy: Mawardi mentioned the seven conditions he felt were necessary for the caliph to possess in order to rule efficiently and guard the faith. Dominion of a Caliph: The Muslim world did felt the decline of the once most powerful Abbasid caliphate.
About this essay: This essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay Sauce, Political Thought of Al Mawardi.
His Ordinances of Government became an influential statement of Muslim political theory. Although it is essentially theoretical as a design for the restoration of the Sunnite caliphate , the work was not, as some scholars have suggested, an abstract description of caliphal authority; it did, however, adjust the orthodox ideal of caliphal power to the realities of the time, treating such subjects as the rights, duties, and preferred characteristics of the caliph. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
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This page of the essay has words. Download the full version above. Al-Mawardi, is known as one of the greatest and important scholars regarding the analysis of the caliphate theory and its positions. He became the chief justice of Baghdad due his great knowledge in jurisprudence and religion. This essay tells how the political thought of Mawardi fascinated the rulers of Abbasids, and the Seljuk Empire.