AS DUAS BABILONIAS ALEXANDER HISLOP PDF

Its central theme is the argument that the Catholic Church is the Babylon of the Apocalypse which is described in the Bible. It analyzes modern Catholic holidays, including Christmas and Easter , traces their roots back to pagan festivals and shows that many other accepted doctrines such as Jesus' crucifixion on a Cross may not be correct. Hislop provides a detailed comparison of the ancient religion which was established in Babylon allegedly by the Biblical king Nimrod and his wife, Semiramis by drawing on a variety of historical and religious sources, in order to show that the modern Papacy and the Catholic Church are the same system as the Babylon that was mentioned by the apostle Paul in the first century when he commented on the iniquity that was already creeping into the 1st century christian church [2] and the author of Revelation. The book was expanded in , going through many editions. A 3rd edition was published in , [6] a 7th in , [7] thus, a mere six years after the author's death, four successive posthumous editions had already appeared , and a popular edition in

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Its central theme is the argument that the Catholic Church is the Babylon of the Apocalypse which is described in the Bible. It analyzes modern Catholic holidays, including Christmas and Easter , traces their roots back to pagan festivals and shows that many other accepted doctrines such as Jesus' crucifixion on a Cross may not be correct.

Hislop provides a detailed comparison of the ancient religion which was established in Babylon allegedly by the Biblical king Nimrod and his wife, Semiramis by drawing on a variety of historical and religious sources, in order to show that the modern Papacy and the Catholic Church are the same system as the Babylon that was mentioned by the apostle Paul in the first century when he commented on the iniquity that was already creeping into the 1st century christian church [2] and the author of Revelation.

The book was expanded in , going through many editions. A 3rd edition was published in , [6] a 7th in , [7] thus, a mere six years after the author's death, four successive posthumous editions had already appeared , and a popular edition in Hislop builds on the Panbabylonian school of Hyperdiffusionism , which was common in the 19th century, to argue that Classical and Ancient Near Eastern civilization took its inspiration from Babylon.

From this he derives the argument that the mystery religions of Late Antiquity were actually offshoots of one ancient religion founded at the Tower of Babel. Panbabylonism has since been relegated to pseudohistory by 20th-century scholars. Much of Hislop's work centers on his association of the legendary Ninus and his semi-historical wife Semiramis with the Biblical Nimrod as her husband and her son, with their incestuous male offspring being Tammuz. Hellenistic histories of the Ancient Near East tended to conflate their faint recollections of the deeds of ancient kings into legendary figures who exerted far more power than any ancient king ever did.

In Assyria, they invented an eponymous founder of Nineveh named Ninus, who supposedly ruled 52 years over an empire comparable to the Persian Empire at its greatest extent. The Clementine literature made the association in the 4th Century AD. An influential belief throughout the Middle Ages was that Ninus was the inventor of idolatry, [11] a concept that Hislop clearly drew upon. However, Hislop wrote before the historical records of the ancient near east had been thoroughly decoded and studied, that cast doubt in the decades after he wrote whether there was any such figure as Ninus, and the Greek authors whom he quoted lacked credibility on the subject.

The Two Babylons heavily relies on Austen Henry Layard 's publications of his excavations at Nineveh, which had only been just discovered in This gave his work an appearance of being well-researched at the time of its publication.

For example, Hislop linked the name of Easter with Astarte , the Phoenician fertility goddess by citing Layard's recent discovery of Astarte's Assyrian name, Ishtar , which Hislop took to be "identical" to Easter.

What means the term Easter itself? It is not a Christian name. It bears its Chaldean origin on its very forehead. Easter is nothing else than Astarte, one of the titles of Beltis , the queen of heaven, whose name, as pronounced by the people Nineveh, was evidently identical with that now in common use in this country. That name, as found by Layard on the Assyrian monuments, is Ishtar.

The claim that Easter is derived from Ishtar has been disputed. Hislop ultimately claimed to trace Catholic doctrines back to the worship of Nimrod , asserting that the Catholic Church represented Whore of Babylon of the Book of Revelation and that "the Pope himself is truly and properly the lineal representative of Belshazzar.

In the note by the editor of the 7th edition, which was published in , it was claimed, "that no one, so far as we are aware, has ventured to challenge the accuracy of the historical proofs adduced in support of the startling announcement on the title page. For example, Lester L. Grabbe has highlighted the fact that Hislop's entire argument, particularly his association of Ninus with Nimrod , is based on a misunderstanding of historical Babylon and its religion.

In , a critical edition was published. Some fundamentalist Protestants still regard Hislop's book as proof that the Roman Catholic Church is, in fact, the continuation of the ancient Babylonian religion.

Pink confidently asserted that Hislop's work had "proven conclusively that all the idolatrous systems of the nations had their origin in what was founded by that mighty Rebel, the beginning of whose kingdom was Babel. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mein, Andrew; Camp, Claudia V.

Can a 'History of Israel' Be Written? This Is the Sun? Retrieved 1 June Dover Publications, New York, Berkeley, California: University of California Press. Retrieved 2 June Scientific American. Nature America, Inc. Retrieved 8 July Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. On the Etymology of Ishtar. Journal of the American Oriental Society Vol. The Antichrist. Swengel, Pennsylvania: Bible Truth Depot.

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The Two Babylons

He was the son of Stephen Hislop died , a mason by occupation and an elder of the Relief Church. Alexander's brother was also named Stephen Hislop lived — and became well known in his time as a missionary to India and a naturalist. Alexander was born and raised in Duns , Berwickshire. He was for a time parish schoolmaster of Wick, Caithness. In he married Jane Pearson.

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