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The actual incidence of neurologic dysfunction resulting from hemorrhagic complications associated with neuraxial blockade is unknown. Although the incidence cited in the literature is estimated to be less than 1 in , epidural and less than 1 in , spinal anesthetics, recent epidemiologic surveys suggest that the frequency is increasing and may be as high as 1 in in some patient populations.
Overall, the risk of clinically significant bleeding increase with age,associated abnormalities of the spinal cord or vertebral column, the presence of an underlying coagulopathy, difficulty during needle placement,and an indwelling neuraxial catheter during sustained anticoagulation particularly with standard heparin or low-molecular weight heparin.
The need for prompt diagnosis and intervention to optimize neurologic outcome is also consistently reported. Practice guidelines or recommendations summarize evidence-based reviews. However, the rarity of spinal hematoma defies a prospective randomized study, and there is no current laboratory model.
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Save Cancel. Create a file for external citation management software Create file Cancel. Cite Favorites. Abstract The actual incidence of neurologic dysfunction resulting from hemorrhagic complications associated with neuraxial blockade is unknown. Comment in Practice guidelines often fail to keep pace with the rapid evolution of medicine: a call for clinicians to remain vigilant and revisit their own practice patterns.
Fleischmann KH, et al. Reg Anesth Pain Med. PMID: No abstract available. Similar articles Executive summary: regional anesthesia in the patient receiving antithrombotic or thrombolytic therapy: American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine Evidence-Based Guidelines Third Edition.
Horlocker TT, et al. Regional anaesthesia in the patient receiving antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy. Horlocker TT. Br J Anaesth. PMID: Review. Leffert LR, et al. Anesth Analg. Narouze S, et al. PMID: Show more similar articles See all similar articles. Lismaniah, et al. Med Acupunct. Epub Apr Perioperative management and postoperative outcome of patients undergoing cytoreduction surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.
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Advisories & guidelines
ASRA guidelines – Epid cath removal
Evolving standards for the prevention of perioperative venous thromboembolism VTE and the introduction of increasingly potent antithrombotic medications have resulted in concerns regarding the heightened risk of neuraxial bleeding. Furthermore, societies and organizations seeking to address these concerns through guidelines in perioperative management have issued conflicting recommendations. Earlier guidelines did not specify a time interval between SC administration of UFH and neuraxial blockade. These recommendations are based on the pharmacology of SC U dose of UFH, which results in a significant anticoagulant effect that persists 4 to 6 hours after administration.
ASRA last published guidelines regarding anticoagulation in see reference below. What follows is summary of these guidelines. New guidelines will be published in Thrombolytics: There is insufficient data to support specific recommendations regarding a safe time period for neuraxial puncture to take place after receiving thrombolytics.