Bonaventure of Bagnoregio ca. During his lifetime he rose to become one of the most prominent men in Latin Christianity. His academic career as a theologian was cut short when in he was put in charge of the Order of Friars Minor O. He steered the Franciscans on a moderate and intellectual course that made them the most prominent order in the Catholic Church until the coming of the Jesuits. His theology was marked by an attempt completely to integrate faith and reason.

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Bonaventure University St. The Mode of Procedure of Holy Scripture Part One: On the Trinity of God Part Two: On the Creation of the World Part Six: On the Sacramental Remedy I On the Integrity of Confirmation I accepted his invitation, work- The Integrity of Orders We of the Final Judgment Bougerol felt characterized this The Conflagration of Fire The Infernal Punishment Jose de Vinck Paterson, N.

Anthony Guild Press, Furthermore, the work is packed with technical medi- that fact helped greatly in capturing the most appropri- eval theological terms that seem like meaningless jar- ate translation. Over the past several years, a number of gon to many contemporary readers unfamiliar with scholars have used drafts of this translation in their Scholastic categories. Bonaventure eral editor of this series while my work was already in University, and Wayne Hellmann at Saint Louis Univer- progress, fully agreed.

And so I have not simply pro- sity. They have detected a number of errors and made some vided a translation, with a few basic notes indicating helpful suggestions for which I am most grateful. In par- Bonaventure's major sources, as did the previous ticular, I would like to acknowledge Professor James English translation of Jose de Vinck4 and the Ital- Ginther of Saint Louis for alerting me to Bonaventure's ian translation in the Opera di San Bonaventura se- dependence on a work of Robert Grosseteste in the Pro- ries.

And I must thank the editors of Franciscan Insti- well, so that the reader might refer immediately to an tute Publications for their patience as I brought this ef- explanation of an otherwise problematic passage. In fort to completion. Ail I look back over these years, my broth- est, providing a general orientation to the work, its place ers in Holy Name Province deserve my special thanks for in Bonaventure's overall theological effort, and some their constant affection and support.

To them I dedicate interpretative keys for the reader approaching it. In a particular way, I will be ever grateful to This project has taken a long time to reach fruition those who encouraged my gifts during my formation years: and I have many people to thank for their assistance over Reginald Redlon, Boniface Hanley, Hugh Eller, Damian the years. I am grateful, too , for Exempla erant et magistri the encouragement of my colleagues on the Bonaventure Texts in Translation Board, especially for the leadership Dominic V.

Monti, O. Jose de Vinck, Works of St. Edited have received the most sustained admiration over the cen- by Brian Davies and G. Oxford and turies. Breviloquium was the more popular of the two works in the Middle Ages, surviving in some manuscripts.! Jean PG Patrologiae curs us completus. Series graeca.

Paris, PL Patrologiae cursus completus. Series latina. Edited Two works of Bonaventure are composed with such by J. See Biblia Itinerarium. More than thirty years ago, I chose Sacra iuxta Vulgatem Versionem. Edited by Robert to familiarize myself with these two small treatises; Weber et al. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, since then I have read them often, frequently medi- Edited by John E.

Rotelle, fondest desire: to begin to experience them afresh, O. IThe Itinerarium survives in some manuscripts. Doctoris Seraphici Sancti Bonaventurae Bonaventurae, , xvii-xxxiii.

Hereafter this edition will be referred to simply by the volume and page numbers within parentheses. Gerson, De libris legendis a monacho, , Opera J. Gerson CStrasbaurg, , Fa!. XIX, G. Although there has been a con- This is significant, for during that year Bonaventure was siderable amount of research on the ltinerarium that has coming to grips with a dramatic transition in his own life, unfolded its riches for a contemporary audience, the as he moved from a university career to one of major pas- Breviloquium has remained comparatively neglected.

This toral responsibility. Within his literary corpus therefore, is most unfortunate, for it is not only a brilliant compen- the Breviloquium occupies a pivotal position; in the words dium of Bonaventure's theology, but as Alexander Gerken of one recent study, it is a "turning-point text or a border- has observed, "its literary genre is matched by nothing line text" standing between two worlds. After complet- eval thought for themselves. One of the few friar students there actually ma- completed the Breviloquium in During de scientia Christi and de mysterio Trinitatis, most com- monly assigned to and respectively.

This clearly reflects his Disputed Questions on the Knowledge of Christ, q. This 3Alexander Gerken, "Identity and Freedom: Bonaventure's Position is a significant advance from his earlier position in the Sentences and Method," trans. Myles Parsons, Greyfriars Review 4: 3 : Commentary 3.

Scheeben, Handbuch der Katholischen Dogmatik Freiburg, 8Camille Berube is an exception to this consensus; he does not believe , Bougerol, Manuscrits franciscains de la Bibliotheque de dei Cappuccini, ] , Vnn, minorum ad intelligentiam sacre scripture et fidei christiane. Anno , "un texte charniere ou un texte frontiere. Qumn , 7J. Bougerol,Introduction to the Works of Bonaventure, trans.

Jose "Bonaventure, St. Joseph R. Although he had traveled to Italy to confer with mental of these techniques was that of methodical com- Pope Alexander IV after having received word of his elec- mentary on authoritative texts lectio ; the second, the sys- tion, he quickly returned to Paris.

There, in August, tematic analysis and resolution of doctrinal and moral is- Bonaventure and his Dominican colleague, Thomas sues arising from those texts quaestio and disputatio. Aquinas, were grudgingly accepted by the consortium of Bonaventure proved himself a master ofthese techniques masters of theology into their number, marking an end to in his commentaries on the Biblical books of Ecclesiastes the long and bitter controversy.

Bonaventure could then Luke, and John; his massive commentary on the Fou; oversee the transfer of his seat in theology to his succes- Books of Sentences of Peter Lombard; and three series of sor Gilbert of Tournai. Over trine for instructional purposes. This was the task his years ofteaching, Bonaventure had become convmced Bonaventure set for himself in the Breviloquium, and in that there was a critical need in the education of young this regard it stands unique among his works, presenting friars and in this work he attempted to supply it.

But the rea- Wt,y was a book like this necessary? By the 's, the sons for its publication were not purely academic. In virtually every large friary a lec- effectively came to an end, for in February of that year the tor was assigned to teach theology to the clerical members Franciscan general chapter had elected him General Min- ister of the Order.

The pressing responsibilities of that of- fice soon demanded his full attention. The standard detailed history of thIS earher phrase of thIS sity theology faculty, articulating the complaints of many protracted conflict is M. A:mour et ia of the clergy of Western Europe, had mounted a sustained polemique universitaire parisienne, Pans: Edltions A. We have to remember that parishes provided primary ministry of preaching and hearing confessions.

This created a constant demand for qualified friars to only be a product of the reforming spirit of the sixteenth serve as lectors. To meet it, promising young friars were century. In terms of exposure to the elements of Christian assigned to pursue theological studies at schools the Order doctrine, candidates joining the Order might know only had established, not only at the universities of Paris, Ox- the Apostles' Creed.

Certaiuly, during their novitiate year, ford, and Cambridge, but also in more than a dozen other young friars would be immediately immersed in a Bibli- studia generalia general study centers that had sprung cally based religious culture. The daily rounds of the Lit- up by this time. To be qualified as a lector, a friar had to study with other Biblical texts that occurred in the liturgy and theology for four years.

For the first two he attended lec- the communal readings during meals. In addition, they tures on the Bible, then two more on the Four Books ofSen- would often hear thematic sermons that would elucidate tences of Peter Lombard. This situation Bonaventure obtained shortly after his election that granted was complicated by the fact that many young candidates students who had completed the curriculum at the Order's were entering the Order after at least several years of studia generalia a license to teach theology, thus granting university training.

Furthermore, the standard 's were singularly unequipped to embark on theologi- textbooks in theology - the Bible and Peter I,ombard's Sentences - did not present the same scientific clarity as textbooks in the arts, with their clear outlines and defi- 15Roest, In addition to the three Franciscan schools that were nite objectives.

The Bible appeared to be a confusing and incorporated into University theology faculties, by the 's study houses had been established in Bologna, Padua Florence Perugia contradictory collection of stories, the Sentences a disor- Naples, Toulouse, Montpellier, Dijon, Magdebll! Was Strasbourg, and Erfurt. These schools were 'general' in the sense that there some unity and coherence in this subject matter - they attracted friar students from beyond their own provinces, even though some were effectively only regional.

We are not certain precisely when each of these studia was officially designated 'general. For the legislation governing the studia, see the Constitutions "Roest, Bonaventure 5: note 19Already, the Order had passed legislation about mandatmg on p.

Roest, Franciscanum Historicum 83 : It was such a logical and comprehen- Other contemporaries also stepped in to fill this gap; one sive presentation of Christian doctrine that Bonaventure of these was Thomas Aquinas, whose reasons for com- set as his agenda in this treatise: posing his celebrated Summa theologiae are remarkably similar to Bonaventure's own: This teaching [theologyl has been transmitted, both in the writings of the saints and in those of the It is the task of the teacher of Catholic truth to doctors, in such a diffuse manner that those who instruct not only advanced students, but also be- come to learn about Sacred Scripture are not able ginners



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Saint Bonaventure

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