|Published (Last):||5 November 2013|
|PDF File Size:||1.78 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.14 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint German : Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkte ; second edition is an book by the Austrian philosopher Franz Brentano , in which the author argues that the goal of psychology should be to establish exact laws. Brentano's best known book, it established his reputation as a philosopher, helped to establish psychology as a scientific discipline, and influenced Husserlian phenomenology , analytic philosophy , gestalt psychology , and the philosopher Alexius Meinong 's theory of objects.
Discussing the philosopher Eduard von Hartmann 's Philosophy of the Unconscious , Brentano comments that Hartmann "uses the term 'consciousness' to refer to something different from what we do. He defines consciousness as 'the emancipation of the idea from the will He completed the first two books of the work in March Brentano originally intended to produce a large work consisting of six books, the first five of which would cover psychology as a science, mental phenomena in general, and their three basic classes, while the sixth would deal with the mind-body problem, the soul, and immortality.
However, Brentano was ill with smallpox after publishing the first two books. The work remained incomplete. Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint was first published as Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkte , but subsequent editions were published as Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt , which is the more commonly cited name. The first edition was designated Volume 1, but this was also abandoned in later editions.
Psychology from an Empirical Stanpoint is Brentano's best-known book,  and much has been written about its "intentionality passage". However, the philosopher Roger Scruton describes the intentionality passage of Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint as both obscure and hesitant.
Scruton believes that the obscurity of the passage is "compounded by Brentano's description of intentionality as the mark which distinguishes mental phenomena from physical phenomena , the latter being described, not as objective features of the natural world, but as appearances. Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint has been compared to Sigmund Freud's early metapsychology, especially as expressed in his Project for a Scientific Psychology. The psychologist Paul Vitz , who calls Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint Brentano's greatest work, notes that while Brentano rejected the unconscious, "his answer followed largely from his definitions of consciousness and unconsciousness, and the evidence subsequently available to Freud did not, of course, figure in Brentano's thought.
The philosopher Clark Glymour writes that Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint "gave Freud one vision of what psychology should seek to know, and of what methods it should use.
Brentano held that there are exact laws that refer only to the mental, and do not need to appeal to physical circumstances. The philosopher Barry Smith writes that Brentano's thesis about intentionality has "proved to be one of the most influential in all of contemporary philosophy. It gave rise to Husserlian phenomenology, but it also lies at the root of much of the thinking of analytic philosophers on meaning and reference and on the relations of language and mind.
In addition, the notion of intentionality, and Brentano's use of this notion as a criterion for the demarcation of the psychological realm, pervades much contemporary philosophizing within the realm of cognitive science. According to the philosopher Peter Simons , Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint "forged Franz Brentano's reputation and it remains his most important and influential single work Through Brentano's illustrious circle of students it exerted a wide influence on philosophy and psychology, especially in Austria, Germany, Poland, and Italy.
Simons lists gestalt psychology and Alexius Meinong's theory of objects as additional developments related to Brentano's work, noting that "The course of the Psychology' s influence has yet to be fully run. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. November Baumgartner, Wilhelm In Honderich, Ted ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. London: Routledge. In Neu, Jerome ed.
The Cambridge Companion to Freud. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sexual Desire: A Philosophical Investigation. London: Phoenix Books. In Kenny, Anthony ed. The Oxford History of Western Philosophy.
In McAlister, Linda L. London and New York: Routledge. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company. Sigmund Freud's Christian Unconscious. New York: The Guilford Press. Categories : non-fiction books Books about the unconscious mind Books by Franz Brentano Cognitive science literature Contemporary philosophical literature German non-fiction books Works about philosophy of psychology.
Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt, Том 1
Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt