Common name : Florida red scale, circular black scale; circular purple scale, Egyptian black scale. Geographical distribution : Outdoors in most tropical and subtropical regions of the world; in cooler areas within greenhouses. Host plants : Polyphagous ; a pest mainly of citrus and banana. Morphology : The body of the female is yellow, pear-shaped, the pygidium with three large lobes , all with an external notch, the fourth lobe a small rounded projection.

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In northern countries in its range, this species occurs under glass. The species has been intercepted in quarantine inspections in Oman and the Netherlands. In March , C. A joint MAF and Auckland City Council containment programme is believed to have successfully eradicated this scale; monitoring is continuing.

A record of C. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Due to the variable regulations around de registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control.

Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. The present problems in ornamental plant protection against pests. Aktualne problemy w ochronie roslin ozdobnych przed szkodnikami. Progress in Plant Protection, 42 1 Argyriou LC, In: Rosen D, ed. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, Beardsley JW, Insects of Micronesia, Homoptera: Coccoidea.

Insects of Micronesia, Bedford ECG, The biological control of the circular purple scale, Chrysomphalus aonidum L. An annotated check-list of the insects and allied terrestrial arthropods of Barbados. Biosecurity New Zealand, Pests and Diseases: Florida red scale.

Bohlen E, Crop pests in Tanzania and their control. Berlin, Germany: Verlag Paul Parey. Borchsenius NS, In Russian. Brussel EW van; Bhola B, De biologie en bestrijding van de rode citrusschildluis, Chrysomphalus ficus Ashm.

Surinaame Landbouw, Chrysomphalus aonidum. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. Ceballos M; Hernandez M, Aspidiotiphagus sp. Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae : artificial host test for massive rearing. Revista de Proteccion Vegetal, 1 2 Aspidiotiphagus lounsburyi Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae como parasioide de coccidos diaspididos de citricos en Cuba.

Revista de Proteccion Vegetal, Charlin CR, Coccoidea of Easter Island Homoptera. Revista Chilena de Entomologia, Other Tropical Fruit Trees and Shrubs. CIE, Cohic F, Revue frantaise d'Entomologie, Rapport d'une mission aux Tstablissements francais d'l'Ocanie. Fascicle III. EnquOte sur les parasites animaux des cultures. CSIRO, Danzig EM; Pellizzari G, Catalogue of Palaearctic Coccoidea. Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Budapest, Hungary: Akaprint Nyomdaipari Kft. Das SC, A new pest of Mimosa invisa and a scale insect causing serious damage to young tea. Two and a Bud, Studies on Aphytis sp? Two and a Bud, 35 Bio-ecological studies on Chilocorus circumdatus Sch. Das SC; Gope B, More about a less known predator: Pharoscymnus horni Weise , a predator of Chrysomphalus ficus Ashm.

Two and a Bud, 31 1 Dhileepan K, Insects associated with oil palm in India. EPPO, PQR database. Atlas of the Scale Insects of North America.

Interim report, March Part two: Nematology, entomology. Foldi I, Liste des cochenilles de France Hemiptera, Coccoidea. Bulletin de la SociTtT entomologique de France Gao RX; Ouyang Z, A preliminary investigation on parasitic fungi on citrus pests.

Weishengwuxue Tongbao, 8 2 Gill G, Spray programme effective against Florida red scale. Biosecurity, 61 Gill RJ, The scale insects of California. Part 3. The armoured scales Homoptera: Diaspididae. Greathead DJ, Crawler behaviour and dispersal. World Crop Pests, Volume 4A. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier, Heu RA ed. Distribution and host records of agricultural pests and other organisms in Hawaii. Chrysomphalus aonidum Linnaeus, , a new alien pest of ornamental plants in the Czech Republic Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Diaspididae.

Kawai S, Scale Insects of Japan in Colours. Kondo T, Las cochinillas de Colombia Hemiptera: Coccoidea. Biota Colombiana, 2 1 Yucca decipiens Trel. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 2 Kosztarab M,


Chrysomphalus ficus Ashmead, 1880



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Chrysomphalus aonidum




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