As a representative of the seventeenth-century tradition of rationalism , Leibniz developed, as his most prominent accomplishment, the ideas of differential and integral calculus , independently of Isaac Newton 's contemporaneous developments. He became one of the most prolific inventors in the field of mechanical calculators. While working on adding automatic multiplication and division to Pascal's calculator , he was the first to describe a pinwheel calculator in  and invented the Leibniz wheel , used in the arithmometer , the first mass-produced mechanical calculator. He also refined the binary number system, which is the foundation of all digital computers. In philosophy, Leibniz is most noted for his optimism , i.
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Delco - - Filosofia 42 2 Stoneham eds. L'aporetica leibniziana della sostanza tra metafisica e dinamica. Substance and Intelligibility in Leibniz's Metaphysics. Jan Palkoska - - Franz Steiner. Harry G. Frankfurt - - Garden City, N. John Whipple - - Journal of Philosophical Research Leibniz: A Collection of Critical Essays.
Frankfurt - - University of Notre Dame Press. Sul chi del dire: discorso e metafisica alla prova della fenomenologia. Antonella Lo Sardo - - Giornale di Metafisica 28 2 Leibniz's Conciliatory Account of Substance. Jeffrey K. McDonough - - Philosophers' Imprint Nicholas Okrent - - Philosophy and Theology 12 1 Leibniz: A Guide for the Perplexed. Franklin Perkins - - Continuum. Substantial Simplicity in Leibniz. Allan Hillman - - Review of Metaphysics 63 1 Ari Maunu - - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 2 Added to PP index Total views 2 1,, of 2,, Recent downloads 6 months 1 , of 2,, How can I increase my downloads?
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
On the roots of the theory of substance in'discorso di metafisica'by Leibniz