Millennial ago, seers in the ancient Eastern tradition articulated the blueprint for the fulfillment of the objectives of human birth as was shown to them in the highest supreme levels of consciousness. The Supreme Self pervades and exists in all dimensions in all beings, sentient and insentient. It is that Supreme Self that exists inside each individual self, in each individual person. And therefore every individual person is none other than the Supreme Self, for how can the part be different from the whole. In order for an individual to realize their supreme Self, they need to identify the reasons and objectives why they came into being on this earth plane, and fulfill them.
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They keep laboring hard to achieve their desires Purusharthas. Sometimes people cannot differentiate between desires and real goals. All people do not have known what to do and what not to do with their desires and goals. So they puzzle in their life due to ignorance Desire with a blind mind may create a sin. Greed and desire are said to be the root of all sins. So, Hindu and yoga philosophy has given a proper guideline for legitimate goals. This is a Vedic philosophy which has elaborated four aims Purusharthas.
The aims are Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Mokshya. It is the foundation to grow and uplift spiritually. First Purushartha is known as Dharma has very vast and a multitude of meanings.
These all meaning coincides moral and spiritual duty. Each and every activity of people should be non-harming, non-irritating for other. The work, duty or activities which are favorable for one-self and other is said as Dharma. People mistakenly believe that they should do spiritual work, prayer, worship etc to do dharma. This has resulted in suffering. Some think theists perform dharma but an atheist cannot. It is not a correct concept. The so-called theist, if does harmful deeds; it would be against dharma.
Whether you believe in god or not, but out action of body, mind, and speech should be directed towards the welfare of all. It is the activity which is justice for self and other. It seeks the justice. Dharma has both gross and subtle meanings. It may differ from one person to another person. It also differs from one situation to another situation. Dharma is a law of Nature. For example, Sun shines, planets revolve around the sun.
It is much more than religion. It has nothing to give and take from the narrow religious idea, faith. In fact, Dharma is free from religious doctrine. Dharma cannot be imprisoned within the theory of religion. To walk on the path of Dharma is doing what ought to be done. The law of nature always gives a positive result.
It seeks the sustainable and true benefits of all. Dharma takes people at the top when followed properly. It does not mean that people have to earn a lot of wealth. It means to earn in a systematic and right way. It suggests to be prosperous but keeping the dharma in mind. Prosperity is essential to lead a happy life. Earning in a wrong way is not a proper duty. The householders need to earn for the livelihood of all family members and whoever are dependent on them.
If they earn in excess amount their duty is to donate to the needy people. It is a good rule that a person has to donate the one-tenth portion of his earning.
The prestige, name, fame, sound relation in the society etc are the earthly gain. Another important worldly gain is good health. Unless one is healthy, he cannot achieve the goals of life. Being healthy all the time is itself of treasure. It is the basis and foundation for performing any work.
Hindu philosophy also includes the worldly pleasures, including sexuality, love, marriage, arts, music, food, etc during the second stage of life. However, during the achievements, one should sincerely observe the dharma. However, it has a broader meaning.
If one completely tuned at present, live in present, then he acquires real pleasure. At the highest stage of Kama, we connect to our higher self or divinity.
It is a conscious stage at the present moment. At the fourth stage of life, after having all the experience of the world, human have to strive for liberation. Fixing dharma as a basis, if one has achieved the first three Purusharthas, gradually a time appears when one surpasses them. As one goes through the first three goals, he will realize that there is no permanent happiness in them. So, he feels that source of eternal peace and joyfulness should be sought.
But, if there is not a good foundation, then moksha is impossible. Actually, Mokshya is the liberation of freedom from the recurring births into the body after destructing all the karmas.
It requires a higher level of wisdom and self-realization. It is the realization of highest truth. These four aims Purusharthas are incomparable to each other. Each of them has its own importance. Each helps other to reach the final destiny. They are like the legs of a chair, all are equally important for the existence of chair. They are the pillars of a fulfilling life. They interweave each other. When the people start striving towards these Purusharthas, life becomes happier and easier.
The life will be incomplete without achievement of these Purusharthas. The success of life is hidden on the achievement of the four aims. Your email address will not be published. One Month Yoga-Meditation Retreat. One week yoga detox retreat. Three Nights Four Days yoga Retreat. Whole Day Yoga Workshop. Facebook Twitter RSS. Four Purusharthas in Hinduism. Submit a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
All four Purusarthas are important, but in cases of conflict, Dharma is considered more important than Artha or Kama in Hindu philosophy. Historical Indian scholars recognized and debated the inherent tension between active pursuit of wealth Artha purusartha and pleasure Kama , and renunciation of all wealth and pleasure for the sake of spiritual liberation Moksha. They proposed "action with renunciation" or "craving-free, dharma-driven action", also called Nishkam Karma as a possible solution to the tension. Purusha means "primaeval human being as the soul and original source of the universe".
Millennia ago, Saints in ancient Eastern traditions articulated the blueprint for the fulfillment human birth, as it was revealed to them in the highest states of meditation and consciousness. The Supreme Self pervades and exists in all dimensions and all beings, sentient and insentient. Therefore every person is none other than the Supreme Self. For an individual to realize their Supreme Self, they need to identify the reasons and objectives for which they came into being on this earth plane and ultimately fulfill those purposes. The ancient sages articulated the goals of humankind as Purusharthas. Purusha means an individual or person, and Artha means objective, meaning, or pursuit. The four Purusharthas are:.