Citation: Robert D. Snow Framing processes and social movements: An overview and assessment. Robert Benford and David Snow were two of the four authors on the paper Frame alignment processes, micromobilization, and movement participation , the original paper in the sociological literature on framing processes in social movements. The two authors revisit the literature that their own work had spawned 14 years later in this literature review which, itself, has become an influential and highly cited work. Collective action frames had become, in the period since their original article was published, a key theoretical means of understanding social movements alongside resource mobilization e. Frames build on Goffman's work on frames and, in the decade after they were offered, became something like a half or two thirds of the social movement literature.
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David A. Snow 36 Estimated H-index: Estimated H-index: 1. Estimated H-index: Find in Lib. Add to Collection. This paper attempts to further theoretical and empirical understanding of adherent and constituent mobilization by proposing and analyzing frame alignment as a conceptual bridge linking social psychological and resource mobilization views on movement participation. Extension of Goffinan's frame analytic perspective provides the conceptualltheoretical framework; field research on two religious movements, the peace movement, and several neighborhood movements provide the primary empirical base.
Four frame alignment processes are identified and elaborated: frame bridging, frame amplification, frame extension, and frame transformation. The basic underlying premise is that frame alignment, of one variety or another, is a necessary condition for participation, whatever its nature or intensity, and that it is typically an interactional and ongoing accomplishment. The paper concludes with an elaboration of several sets of theoretical and research implications. References 69 Citations Cite.
Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements: Framing political opportunity. Gamson , David S. Read Later. Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency. Master-frames and cycles of protest. Snow , Robert D. After signing in, all features are FREE. References Hare Krishna in America.
Burke Rochford H-Index: 1. Traces the growth of the Hare Krishna movement in the U. This paper presents a model of the mobilization of people into movements that is compatible with a resource mobilization perspective on social movement organizations as the unit of analysis, but substitutes a cognitive social psychology based on attribution theory and the sociology of knowledge for the incentive model typically used in this perspective.
We focus on the problem, neglected by resource mobilization theorists, of explaining the translation of objective social relationships into subj It is commonly assumed that people participate more in collective action when they believe others will.
But local activists often say: "I did it because nobody else would. Resource mobilization theorists have nearly abandoned social-psychological analysis of social movements. In this paper a fresh case is made for social psychology. New insights in psychology are combined with resource mobilization theory in an attempt to overcome the weaknesses of traditional social-psychological approaches to social movements. Expectancy-value theory is applied to movement participation and mobilization.
It is assumed that the willingness to participate in a social movement is a Despite their obvious importance to the analysis of movements, little attention has been given them and we seek to remedy this neglect.
In surveying the literature, we have asked: What is the "modal member" of the movement organization local actually doing most of the time and what portion of her or his round of life is organized by it? So viewed, movement locals exhibit six basic patterns of construction and modal membership. These are listed and the simplest of The Sociology of Conversion.
This essay reviews recent research on religious conversion, particularly within the context of "new" religious movements. It addresses three fundamental issues pertinent to the study of conversion: first, the conceptualization and nature of conversion; second, the analytic status of converts' accounts; and third, the causes of conversion.
The chapter concludes with a proposed agenda for subsequent research on conversion and related topics. The origins of the civil rights movement: Black communities organizing for change. This important and provocative book reflects a trend in recent scholarship concerning the modern struggles for black advancement. Scholars have increasingly moved from a national to a local perspective in their effort to understand the momentous changes in American racial relations since The newer scholarship has begun to examine the distinctive qualities of the local black movements that both grew out of and spurred the campaign for national civil rights laws.
Earlier studies have told us Walsh H-Index: 8. Warland H-Index: Focusing on the community mobilization processes following the Three Mile Island TMI accident, this paper presents the first empirical tests of central hypotheses derivedfrom Olson involving both activists andfree riders in a natural setting. Focusing initially on a randomly selected sample of free riders from the TMI area, we first investigate the extent of, and reasons for, this phenomenon.
Free riding in an actual mobilization process is revealed to be more widespread than Olson's cr Craig Jenkins H-Index: Resource mobilization theory has recently presented an alternative interpretation of social movements. The review traces the emergence and recent controversies generated by this new perspective. A multifactored model of social movement formation is advanced, emphasizing resources, organization, and political opportunities in addition to traditional discontent hypotheses.
The McCarthy-Zald theory of entrepreneurial mobilization is critically assessed as an interpretation of the social move Sociological Aspects of Attribution. Crittenden H-Index: Attribution theory, the study of the causal interpretations that persons give to events in their environment, has recently been a major emphasis in psychological social psychology.
This paper explores the utility of the classic theoretical statements in attribution for sociological problems, and reviews the efforts of sociologists to apply attribution concepts in their research.
The theory has been criticized regarding its limited applicability to attribution occurring in interaction or in natur Cited By The European and Spanish Cases. In order to maximize the impact of the SE, governments have recently deployed new policies regarding these entities. The objective is to understand the context of policy change that has allowed these policies to emerge, their main characteristics and the critical factors in their construction and implementation.
Successful policy cases in Eu The rapid rise of social media in the past decade represents a new space where animals are represented in human society, and this may influence human perceptions, for example driving desire for exotic pet keeping. All participants saw the same image of a primate but were randomly assigned to a pro exotic pet keeping or anti exotic Fame-bridging, stereotypes, and the celebrity labour of Anna Nicole Smith. When actor and model Anna Nicole Smith died in she was known to the public through two central stereotypes: gold digger and white trash.
Likewise, the news and entertainment media remembered S Network structures in cross-movement talk: Democracy Now! Such talk is central to how we understand what social movements are and how we c A generalisable model for frame identification: towards an integrative approach. This paper presents a general model for identifying frames in texts or messages, and for delineating their characteristics and communicative structures.
Integrating ideas and methods from qualitati Urban agriculture in the making or gardening as epistemology. This paper explores the production of Prairie Urban Farm, an urban agricultural initiative in the Canadian city of Edmonton, Alberta.
Motivated by our involvement in the initiative and guided by a Deviance scholarship and social movement scholarship share similar substantive interests such as changes to rules and laws, identity-based movements, and a focus on social change.
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David A. Snow 36 Estimated H-index: Estimated H-index: 1. Estimated H-index: Find in Lib.
Framing processes and social movements: An overview and assessment
Frame analysis also called framing analysis is a multi-disciplinary social science research method used to analyze how people understand situations and activities. Frame analysis looks at images, stereotypes metaphors, actors, messages, and more. It examines how important these factors are and how and why they are chosen. Framing theory and frame analysis is a broad theoretical approach that has been used in communication studies , news Johnson-Cartee, , politics, and social movements among other applications.