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Sous la direction de Danielle Jacquart. Section des sciences historiques et philologiques Paris autre partenaire. The reception of the Canon of Avicenna : arabic medicine and medieval universities in Italy before the black Death.
This study attempts to understand how the Canon, an encyclopedia written by Avicenna in the early eleventh century and translated into latin in the late twelfth century, became for several centuries the conrnerstone manual of medical teaching in Italy.
Indeed, the slow but steady integration of the book into the curriculum , happening in an italian scientific community characterized by the competition between masters and universities, starts with Taddeo Alderotti d. The analysis of remaining texts as well as of medical teaching institutions sheds light on the crucial role of pedagogy in this process, but also on the importance of the circulation of commentaries under manuscript or printed form, thus explaining the longevity of this work, which, more so than in other parts of Europe, superseded greek and arabic authorities.
Finally, the study of several major themes shows how the Canon was able to influence for the long run the medieval conception of medicine. From an epistemological point of view, the perspectives and innovations it contained helped spring the birth of ideas and new debates in the discipline, often forecasting shifts of the late Middles Ages and the early modern era.
Grand Equipement Documentaire. Notes bibliogr.
LA Chirurgie Dans Le canon de la Médecine (Al-Qânûn fî-t-tibb) D'Avicenne (Ibn Sînâ)
In his study of early Arabic translation of a commentary on the Hippocratic Aphorisms attributed to the obscure iatrosophist Palladius fl. Schoeler has observed these same preliminaries in the book on optics K. I argue that the change in the structure and content of the prolegomena may be traced in part to the influence exerted by Avicenna on the scholarly methods and attitudes about the nature and role of philosophical discourse in post-classical scholarly circles between the Euphrates and the Oxus. The first is the fact that he discusses the eight preliminary questions at great length.
O livro foi produzido, em Estrasburgo, por volta de , pelo famoso editor e impressor Adolf Rusch. El libro fue producido en Estrasburgo alrededor de por el notable impresor y el editor Adolf Rusch. This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus years or fewer. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States.
File:Illuminated Leaf from Avicenna's Canon of Medicine WDL3886.pdf
Avicenna — A. D was the most influential Iranian physician and philosopher in the medieval era. Avicenna composed and compiled treaties on various aspects of medicine in his famous book the Canon of Medicine. Avicenna's treaties have inspired countless debates in all fields of medicine including basic medical sciences.
The Canon of Medicine remained a medical authority for centuries. It set the standards for medicine in Medieval Europe and the Islamic world and was used as a standard medical textbook through the 18th century in Europe. The medical traditions of Galen and thereby Hippocrates , had dominated Islamic medicine from its beginnings. Avicenna sought to fit these traditions into Aristotle 's natural philosophy. The Canon of Medicine is divided into five books: . Book 1 is made up of six theses which give a general description of medicine in general, the cosmic elements that make up the cosmos and the human body, the mutual interaction of elements temperaments , fluids of the body humours , human anatomy, and physiology.